Program manual – Noo More Wed, 21 Sep 2022 13:32:31 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Program manual – Noo More 32 32 Why Japas Cervejaria is such an interesting brewery Mon, 19 Sep 2022 22:30:09 +0000

Of the countless breweries in the craft beer scene, how many are run by women and blend the cultures of Japan and Brazil? The answer is not multiple because beer, like so many other sectors, continues to be overrepresented by white men. And this is precisely what makes Japas Cervejaria extremely convincing. That, and the brand crafts a downright tasty beer, with an aesthetic and flavor spectrum all its own.

The brewery was launched in 2015, founded by three third-generation Japanese-Brazilians. The trio includes brewer and business strategist Maíra Kimura, creative director Yumi Shimada and brewer Fernanda Ueno. If you haven’t heard of it yet and love beer, you probably will soon.

The beers are a tribute to Japanese and Brazilian cuisine, with ingredients like ginger, yuzu, jasmine, and more. There’s a tangy line called Sawā and some very creative ones, like a refreshing witbier with orange peel and ginger and an IPA with blueberries and jabuticaba. They even make a matcha beer. It’s all a beer industry reflection of the large Japanese population that resides in Brazil (at 2 million people, that’s the largest outside of Japan itself). The beers are a nod to this culture and many of the ingredients, all natural, come from fellow Japanese-Brazilians in Brazil.

Meet the Founders

Ueno says she has always been close to craft beer, thanks to a father who was very involved in the scene. She dabbled in architecture before studying food engineering, which led to many home-brewing projects. Since then, she has not stopped brewing.

Kimura followed a similar trajectory, starting to brew at home around 2009. “In 2011, I went to England to learn how to brew professionally and took a technical course,” says Kimura. “The same year, I also got my brewer certification from the Institute of Brewing and Distilling.”

Shimada took a beer sommelier course in 2012, fascinated by the craft boom. She started going to festivals and business events (where she met her partners) and landed gigs making artwork for breweries.

How Japas Cervejaria was formed

It all started with a beer called Wasabiru.

“We got together to brew a beer just for fun in 2014 and we brewed a 40 liter batch on a home brew system,” Ueno recalls. An American Pale ale was the base, a blank canvas on which to experiment with Japanese ingredients.

“When the beer was ready, we all went to Yumi’s in São Paulo to try it and everyone’s favorite was the version with Wasabi,” she says.

It was such a success that a city brewery invited the crew to brew an 800 liter batch. The release party was a huge success and the brand was born the following year.

In 2019, Japas Cervejaria started brewing in the United States. They were able to do this thanks to Beerternational, an innovative program that allows foreign breweries to brew batches of fresh beer in the United States. Currently, several states are carrying the line, and more are expected to follow.

These things take time, especially when venturing into an industry historically dominated by white males, not to mention the dearth of supply chains around the world (particularly difficult for a brand that uses lesser-known and more difficult ingredients to find).

The trio behind the Japas Cervejaria brewery.

Build a brand

Shimada comes up with the word “resistance” when asked about navigating the landscape. “If it’s hard to have female representation in the beer market, imagine what that does for Asian women, black women, trans people, etc.,” she says. “Our role is to not only raise awareness of our empowerment within feminism and Asian causes, but also to embrace all kinds of diversities that are often excluded.”

They’ve teamed up with like-minded outfits and attend festivals that support the great cause, like Beers Without Beards and RIDEA Fest. They survived the pandemic, briefly limiting production and getting creative by opening a gift shop with exceptional items. The beer crowd is starting to take notice and it feels like the momentum is back, if not building. Part of that will always have to do with having a strong narrative.

“We hope to always stay true to our history and our stories, and honor those who came before us,” Kimura said. “In this case, I mean our families and our ancestors, but also the women who have paved the way in so many ways throughout history, which has allowed us to be here today. We are still very clear that our brand is something that we are building as we go, with the help of so many people.And we also try to peek into the future, discovering new trends not only in the beverage industry, but more globally.

What’s next for Japas Cervejaria

What’s new for the brand? Ueno says they’re working on a new Brazil-Japan line, featuring beers like ICHI/UM (a New England IPA with yuzu and cocoa) and NI/DOIS, a Russian Imperial Stout with Brazilian vanilla and ponkan, or tangerine with honey. “It’s a way of showing who we are through our beers,” she says.

There are many breweries in the states that they would like to collaborate with, as well as non-beer brands. “In short, we have fun when we see so much more than beer,” says Shimada. “Our dream? Maybe some Japanese brands like Asics, Mizuno, Sanrio, Uniqlo, etc.

The beer is good and worth seeking out, but the message is even more crucial. “It helps me learn about my background and my family’s history, it’s where I can express my creativity in the best way and where I can see that we have a mission far beyond beer, but also in raising awareness of female empowerment, Asian pride and also embracing all kinds of diversity in an environment that still shows white and male dominance,” Ueno says.

Perhaps the best news yet is this: Japas Cervejaria has just completed a whirlwind tour of the United States, delighting beer lovers across the country with their work. Chances are their beers will be more widely available very soon. They have Texas and South Carolina in their sights, hopefully with other projects.

Editors’ Recommendations

Journalists endorse self-regulation handbook – Liberia news The New Dawn Liberia, premier resource for breaking news Mon, 19 Sep 2022 13:02:34 +0000

At the PAL Publishers Forum

Liberian journalists from Bomi, Grand Capemount, Rivercess and Grand Bassa on Friday, September 16, 2022 unanimously endorsed a proposed self-regulatory handbook on privacy and personal data protection for use by Liberian media.

Developed by a team of lawyers engaged by the Liberia Publishers Association and the Liberian Press Union in partnership with Liberian Media Initiatives with support from the European Union, the document aimed to enhance media professionalism and the quality of the dissemination of information while seeking to meet the challenges generated by online information campaigns.

The exam was the first since the development of the manual. It follows a series of editor forums organized by PAL since July 23, 2021, soliciting the opinion of journalists on the subject and the need for a self-regulatory manual.

Session attendees

PAL, with the support of the Liberia Media Initiative, co-funded by the European Union, organized a series of editors’ forums to examine ethical practices within the Liberian media, particularly with regard to the confidentiality of personal data, and increase awareness of data privacy among editors and senior media executives.

Each of these forums brought together around thirty participants. In summary, PAL and PUL collaborated to hire a team of lawyers to draft two documents: media self-regulation and personal data privacy protection legislation.

The aims and objectives of these documents are consistent with PAL objectives and are aligned with those of the Internews programs to strengthen freedom of expression and information, enhance media professionalism and quality of information dissemination while addressing the challenges generated by online disinformation campaigns.

In addition, it is planned to establish a program that would lead to advocacy for the government to adopt specific legislation that will address data privacy protection and advocate for the media industry to adopt data privacy regulations. personal data.

The forum held in Buchanan City, Grand Bassa County, brought together newsroom stakeholders from four counties to first discuss the document that should be released to newsrooms for use by journalists in the absence of autonomous legislation and offer suggestions.

Welcoming the Association and other journalists at Buchanan City Hall, Mayor’s Agent for the Town of Buchanan, Moses D. Hayes, expressed the importance of participating in privacy and privacy discussions. data in general.

PAL President Othello Garblah explained that the purpose of the document under review was aligned with the Association’s objectives as well as the Internews program to strengthen freedom of expression and information.

He said the document aims to enhance media professionalism and the dissemination of quality information while seeking to address the challenges generated by online information campaigns.

Garblah said it is hoped the discussion will set the agenda which could lead to advocacy for the government to pass specific legislation which will address data privacy protection and also advocate for the media industry. on the adoption of legislation on the confidentiality of personal data.

PAL is a representation of newspaper owners, managers and publishers.

In 2021, the Association received a sub-grant to initiate a discussion on personal data protection with the aim of developing the first media self-regulation for Liberia.

Meanwhile, the review of the documents was led by Atty Lamin Kpargoi and it is expected to be validated at the Liberia Press Union Anniversary in Ganta, Nimba County, by the end of the month. month.

A Canadian wrote a hockey training manual. In 1972 the Soviets used it to beat us at our own game Fri, 16 Sep 2022 18:30:34 +0000

Summit 72 is a four-part documentary series that tells the definitive story of the legendary 1972 Canada-USSR hockey summit series. Watch on CBC Gem now.

On September 2, 1972, the Canadians were stunned when the Soviet Union beat Team Canada 7-3 in Game 1 of the Summit Series on the hallowed ice of the Montreal Forum. The story is told in Summit 72a four-part documentary series.

A Canadian hockey visionary named Lloyd Percival was one of the few who saw defeat coming. He knew how good the Soviet team was – and why.

Growing up in Toronto in the 1920s, Percival excelled at cricket, tennis, boxing and, of course, hockey. Head coach at just 18, Percival led Toronto’s National Sea Fleas midget team to an undefeated season in 1932. He traveled extensively throughout the United States and Britain, seeking all the wisdom training and fitness instruction he could get from professionals outside of Canada. In 1944, Percival had a hit CBC radio show called athletic college, where he shared what he had learned with his fellow Canadians. The success of the radio show led him to write two very important books: How to play hockey betterand Percival’s most famous work, The Hockey Handbook.

Watch Lloyd Percival discuss the dominance of Russian hockey in a 1968 broadcast of The Day It Is.

Canadian coach Lloyd Percival on Russian hockey dominance

Speaking to CBC’s The Day It Is in 1968, Lloyd Percival explained how the Soviets were making progress in athletic training and strategy.

Meanwhile, behind the Iron Curtain, the Soviet Union was focused on achieving success at the highest levels of international sport, believing that if the world saw they had the best athletes, it would prove their way of life was superior. to that of the West. One of the main sports targeted by the Soviet Union was hockey. Their cold climate and a popular game called bandy – which is similar to hockey, but with football nets and field hockey sticks – meant there was an existing base they could build on.

Anatoly Tarasov, a man who would become the “Father of Russian Hockey”, was responsible for building the hockey program. Tarasov was as passionate a student as he was a teacher, reading all the sports and fitness literature he could find, including The Hockey Handbookwhich he would have dubbed “the bible of hockey”.

We can never know exactly how much Percival’s instructional book influenced Tarasov and Russian hockey, but there were many striking similarities between the two men’s approaches. Percival believed that hatred and anger had no place in hockey and would hurt the player’s skill. “The best competitive attitude is a playful ‘happy warrior’ doing his best, playing with total abandon,” he wrote..

Tarasov seems to have translated this into his own coaching style. Early Soviet black-and-white films show him playfully yelling at his young players, “Where’s the smile? You’re playing hockey!”

But it wasn’t just the attitude of the player, Percival was also a conditioning visionary. As early as the 1950s, he had the audacity to suggest that athletes consume light pre-game meals, such as fruit and yogurt, instead of the traditional steak and potatoes still popular in 1972. The no -fitness conformist was even bold enough to suggest that smoking was bad for you. Rather than exploring Percival’s method, the Canadians would have mocked the Soviets for things like drinking mineral water and getting up at 6 a.m. to run around their hotel.

In August 1972, when training camps opened for the Canadian team of NHL players, the Soviets were miles ahead. They had even started training on Eastern Standard Time a month before flying to Montreal.

The Soviets adopted an inventive style of play with a heavy emphasis on passing – only shooting if you had a good chance to score. They played in five-man units, turning around to regroup, which left players, coaches, fans and the Canadian media perplexed. Everything except Percival, of course. He recognized their style as it closely resembled his own teachings in both How to play hockey better and The Hockey Handbook.

After the Game 1 loss in Montreal, it was clear that Canada’s tactics needed to evolve. By Game 6 in Moscow, Canada’s head coach Harry Sinden had already begun to adapt his team’s play against the Soviet forwards.

“Harry improvised the last three games, he changed the whole style that we played in North America and went to another area,” said 1972 Team Canada defenseman Dale Tallon in the Summit 72 documentary series. “Instead of the wingers checking the D, he knocked both wingers down and got the centerer up high because we couldn’t control them on the big ice down below when they got past us. It was Harry who did found this solution and it really worked.”

Hockey coach Harry Sniden gestures towards the camera, with players on the ice behind him.
Team Canada coach Harry Sniden in Moscow (Hockey Hall of Fame/Summit 72 Productions Inc.)

Less than two months earlier, Sinden had responded to Percival’s offer to help, “let the pros do it.” But Sinden deserves credit for acknowledging that the pros needed new tactics. Twenty-six days after a stunning home defeat, Team Canada secured a miraculous win in Moscow with just 34 seconds remaining on the clock. But it would be decades before Canadian sport appropriated Percival’s renegade ideas about fitness testing and nutrition, many of which are now standard practice in all sports.

During the Cold War years, when many nations focused on themselves, trying to outplay their adversaries, Percival and Tarasov stood out because they dared to look outward, to keep learning from what the everyone could teach them. In the writings of the Canadian and in the coaching of the Russian, we see open minds and an insatiable curiosity about how to play a better game of hockey, with lessons that would benefit generations of players to come.

Watch Summit 72 on CBC Gem.

Is trading with BitAlpha AI safer than manual trading? — Hometown Station | KHTS FM 98.1 & AM 1220 — Santa Clarita Radio Wed, 14 Sep 2022 21:06:43 +0000

The Crypto market is progressing every day and the number of traders is constantly increasing. The reason for this is that over the past few years, no other market has generated as much profit as crypto. People have earned bags of dollars over the past five years and the market has crossed a daily trading volume of $30 billion.

Due to the high demand for crypto coins, the value of coins, especially Bitcoin, has skyrocketed. Bitcoin recently recorded the highest value of $45,000 for a single coin. Critics are hoping it will cross the $60,000 mark soon.

But is crypto trading an easy market? The answer is a big NO. Crypto is the most complex and difficult trading market in the world due to its volatile and unpredictable nature. It’s really hard to predict what happens in the next second. This is why the crypto market is a nightmare for beginners and less experienced people.

Undoubtedly, some people are doing pretty well in this market and earning thousands of dollars per month. But still, it is indefinite and volatile for most of us. Traders who do manual trading are very experienced and expert traders.

BitAlpha AI is a platform specially designed for beginners and less expert so that they can also earn handsome profits every month. This platform uses sophisticated algorithms and AI tools to solve complex patterns and predict accurate trading signals.

Is trading with BitAlpha AI safer than manual trading?

BitAlpha AI is an AI program that manipulates market data and predicts really useful trading signals. To get the right answer to this question, we need to know more about how the crypto market works.

The crypto market is an unauthorized digital currency market that is not supported or monitored by any authority or state. How cryptocurrency is mined is more complex than the crypto market itself.

The market generates business models that maintain the value of different coins. These patterns are very complex and for a human being it is not possible to understand them. The market is so volatile and every second generates a new, more complex pattern. As a human, he is not so sharp as he can analyze, predict and lock the trade in seconds. Traders who trade manually are very experienced, so they just have a chance to survive in this market.

BitAlpha AI tools analyze the market in depth, read the patterns, decode them and, using complex algorithms, predict the next patterns. If this predicted pattern is similar to a pattern available in the tool’s historical database, the tool locks it.

In the next step, the AI ​​tool analyzes whether this predicted model is profitable according to your defined parameters. If the tool finds profitable signals, it notifies you in real time. If you have chosen the automatic function, the tool itself locks the transaction using your money on your behalf.

This profit is transferred to your vault at the same time and the robot starts finding new opportunities for you.

BitAlpha AI reduces the risk of loss to almost 1%, and if the tool is used wisely, the results would be beyond imagination.

Demo account

BitAlpha AI also has a demo account feature for its registered accounts. This feature helps to know more about the volatility of the crypto market, the authentication of the tool and the risk factor. In this account, a user can sell or buy different cryptocurrencies using virtual money and check their trading abilities.

This demo version is assigned for a certain period only to familiarize yourself with the market. However, you can take advantage of this account option multiple times if you think you are not yet ready to trade in the real crypto market.

Once you think you can understand the volatility of the market and can make a profit, you can switch to the live trading option in no time. This account will be at your disposal if you feel the need for it again.

How to make an alcoholic snow cone Fri, 09 Sep 2022 19:00:26 +0000

Is there anything better than an icy snow cone on a hot summer day? Yes there is. It’s a snow cone with booze, of course, put together like a pro and ready to take on the last days of summer.

If your vision for a spiked snow cone is simply topping the treat with vodka or gin, more power to you. It’s effective and in most cases probably even tastes great. A frozen cocktail? An ice-cold Piña Colada and Margarita are good options, but don’t quite tick the playful, nostalgic boxes of a real snow cone, let alone the precise texture of the ice cream. Luckily, we’re here to up your drinking game, so we spoke with a pro on the subject.

Tips for an alcoholic snow cone

Enter Paige McGroarty. She runs the prestigious Fed beverage program at the Langham in Boston. For now, the lineup is decidedly refreshing, built around some cool late-summer refreshments. She was kind enough to offer a drizzled snow cone recipe, below, for you to enjoy at home. It is served at the bar and one of the most popular drinks on the list. But before getting ahead of ourselves, it helps to know what we’re doing.


The key here is ice cream. You want that cold, crisp, snow-like snow cone texture. The easiest way to do this is to use the snow cone machine. It can be done in a food processor and even a blender. Take it easy. Add no more than two cups of ice cream at a time and mix until no lumps remain. It might not be quite like shaved ice (how do they do that, anyway?), but it will be close.


The next thing you’ll want to pay attention to is softness. It pays to keep compound sugar, so consider your ratios when it comes to simple sugar, agave, etc. You add ingredients to the ice, which will melt and dilute the drink as you sip it. Increase the sugar content when using more counter flavors like citrus or when it is particularly hot and dilution will occur that much more quickly.


Finally, there is the look. A classic snow cone is spherical in nature, often featuring bright colors. You can shape your own with a makeshift mold, like an upside-down coffee mug or even an ice cream scoop, if it’s big enough. For bright colors, consider adding food coloring or something naturally eye-catching like grape juice, pomegranate juice, or any syrup. You can also opt for a flavored vodka with a lot of heat, according to the second recipe below. Naturally, cheese fillings are encouraged.

Either way, you’re going to end up with something cold and delicious, and it’s the best medicine for the last heat wave or two of the season.

The noise cone

This alcoholic delight combines vodka, watermelon, and rhubarb for a lovely pink treat you’ll want to make again and again. The name is borrowed from the 60s spy sitcom get smart.

The Cone of Noise alcoholic snow cone cocktail.


  • 1 1/2 parts rhubarb watermelon cordial
  • 1 part Reyka vodka
  • Ice
  • Fruit skewer (or flamingo) for garnish


  1. Mix the ingredients in a shaker.
  2. Shave the ice in the snow cone machine.
  3. Put crushed ice in a paper cone.
  4. Pour the mixed ingredients over crushed ice.
  5. Top with your favorite fruits on a fun skewer or pick.

tiger blood

Here’s another option, using a flavored vodka that was designed to taste like your favorite snow cones growing up. It blends flavors of watermelon, raspberry and coconut with a bit of citrus. If you want to add a little color fade, keep adding the colored vodka until the very end.


  • 2 ounces 1220 Spirits Tigers Blood Vodka
  • 2 ounces of pineapple juice
  • 1/4 ounce simple syrup
  • 1/4 ounce lime ice cream
  • Ice


  1. Combine all ingredients in a blender or food processor and blend until muddy.
  2. Garnish with a lime wedge.

Editors’ Recommendations

]]> What to Know About Maddy Cab Coffee Fri, 09 Sep 2022 16:00:58 +0000

Citizens are getting creative when it comes to tackling hate crimes in America. One of the most innovative and successful programs is Cafe Maddy Cab, which provides safe taxi rides for vulnerable people. So far, the fledgling program has offered thousands of rides in New York, where it is based.

It all happened in 2020, following a spike in hate crimes. The pandemic has revealed a lot – and the underbelly of racism in this country was one of them. The AAPI community was and still is particularly targeted. Many felt unsafe leaving their homes or taking public transport.

This context led Madeline Park to act. The New Yorker began fundraising for safer rides under the name Cafe Maddy Cab in April 2021. It was a success, raising over $250,000 and setting up 7,800 rides. Transportation helps the most vulnerable members of the AAPI community, namely seniors, the LGBTQ+ population, and women. By the summer of 2021, the funding had been spent and it looked like conditions were improving, so the program retired.

But this retreat was short-lived. Cafe Maddy Cab is back, helping marginalized and targeted people who still don’t feel safe. He came back to life in May of his year with a new support. The program is now working with Krave Beauty CEO Liah Yoo and sponsorship from the Asia-Pacific Community Fund.

The idea is simple, effective and very popular. Interested parties complete a form for themselves or as a sponsor for Park’s team to review. The program then issues Uber codes to cover rides on a weekly basis. Park put in $2,000 of his own dough and began fundraising for the concept after a public transit ride to work across town. She says donations started piling up that evening, and with the service feeling imminently needed, Park got to work.

Park has lived in New York for over a decade. Originally born in Korea, she works as both a dentist and content creator in Brooklyn. Cafe Maddy Cab continues to rely heavily on volunteers, for which Park is eternally grateful. “Everyone works their time outside of their full-time job to help our community, and without them there will be no Cafe Maddy Cab,” she says.

The organization is barely two years old but the inspiring stories are already piling up. “We received a request from someone who needed to be taken to a job interview because they had lost their previous job during the pandemic,” Park explains. “And then, a few weeks later, the same person informed us that she got the job and needed to be taken to work. So it was amazing to feel so personally connected to the city even as we spent hours behind the screen running the program.

Part of the program’s success is due to savvy social media browsing. Park has taken to Instagram and TikTok to raise awareness about the important crowdfunding taxi service. The celebrities caught the wind and spread the good word, sharing the information with their massive audience and strengthening the service as a whole.

Cafe Maddy Cab is one of many AAPI businesses that readers should consider. As NBC reports, crimes against the community more than tripled in the United States in 2021, an alarming number to say the least. Although there is a threat, there must be protective services like this to keep people safe. Then, perhaps, Park and his team will move on on behalf of the community, when the current wave of danger has subsided (fingers crossed that will soon be the case).

“We want to run as long as we’re needed,” Park said. “But at the end of the day, the goal is to live in a city and a country where this type of organization is no longer necessary.”

Editors’ Recommendations

]]> Driving: the manual 2023 Toyota GR Supra is an ode to enthusiasts Wed, 07 Sep 2022 11:00:55 +0000

The wait is officially over and manual transmission GR Supras are arriving at Toyota dealerships across the country. It’s the first time in more than two decades that the Supra has been available with three pedals and a manual shifter. After a full day with her on and off the race track, we can assure you it’s worth the wait.

Toyota vice president of vehicle marketing and communications Mike Tripp said the brand had been working on a manual Supra since 2019 after fans made it clear they wanted to swap the cogs themselves. Now it’s possible again with the Toyota GR Supra MT.

Read more: We drive the manual 2023 Toyota Supra, what do you want to know?

Fast facts >>>

> Model: Toyota GR Supra MT 3.0 2023

› MSRP: $53,595

› 0-60 MPH: 4.2 seconds

> Powertrain : 3.0L six-cylinder turbo engine l 6-speed manual l RWD

> Production: 382 hp (284 kW) / 367 lb-ft (497 Nm)

› APE: 23 MPG City / 31 MPG Highway (east)

> On sale: Now

Last week we went to the Utah Motorsports campus to test the new GR Supra manual with the new GR Corolla. You’ll have to settle for what the GR Corolla looks like on the track for another week, but today we can tell you everything you want to know about the Supra MT. Toyota didn’t just pull a gearbox out of the parts bin here. He adapted this transmission to the Supra and it is easily felt behind the wheel.

Not just another BMW part

It’s easy to think of a transmission swap as simply changing physical components. For better or for worse, in the age of highly computerized automobiles, it’s not that simple. To that end, Toyota relied on its engineers Gazoo Racing, Toyota Motor Europe and the transmission gurus at ZF to create the gearbox.

It is also not a standard unit that comes from a specific BMW model. Most of the major components are sourced from BMW, such as the case and gear train, but Toyota also sourced a few custom components for the Supra itself. This includes an all-new shift lever, a new large-diameter clutch and a reinforced diaphragm spring designed to handle the high torque (367 lb-ft / 497 Nm) of the Supra.

Toyota also claims that the weight and shape of the gear knob itself, as well as the shift engagement, have all been refined. It also shortened the final drive ratio from 3.15 in automatic to 3.46 in manual.

Keep nannies away from software

Beyond the physical components, Toyota had to readjust its software to accommodate the new transmission. This included adapting the traction control system to the manual transmission and adjusting the human element now controlling gear selection. Toyota also didn’t want the system to take away the fun, so it added a feature called Hairpin+.

When the car senses that it is going uphill (any grade of 5% or more) on a high friction surface, it allows for a greater difference in wheel slip between the left and right wheels. This should result in some smoky antics. The manual Supra and automatic Supra also get an updated anti-roll program which, in concert with vehicle stability control, should help reduce oversteer.

iMT aims to keep you from stalling

The intelligent manual transmission is a program integrated into the new gearbox aimed at improving the experience as a whole. In short, the software takes into account shifter position, clutch position, and other factors to smooth out shifts. It can briefly increase or decrease engine power to achieve this goal.

For example, if a driver does not provide enough accelerator pedal input from a stop, the iMT software can add torque to keep the car from dying. Additionally, it is the same software responsible for producing the rev-matching function when downshifting. Please note that iMT programming can also be completely disabled.

Prices and versions

The base Supra 2.0 with its four-cylinder engine and automatic transmission starts at $44,635. The base 3.0 six-cylinder Supra with its 382 hp (284 kW) has an MSRP of $53,595. Buyers can choose manual or automatic transmission for this price. The Premium version starts at $56,745 and the brand new A91-MT version costs $59,440. For a detailed description of each trim along with color combinations and options, see our article here.

Rowing our own speeds in the Supra manual

Our time in Utah with the Supra was spent in the 3.0 Premium trim both at a race track and on the roads surrounding the facility. After our day with her, we think most buyers will walk away very satisfied.

The clutch pedal itself fits into the Goldilocks zone of not being too firm or too soft. The equipment throw is short and easy to place. The clutch disc bite point is just above the midpoint of pedal travel, which allowed for smooth starts, including when dumping the clutch. Drop the hammer just right and Toyota says the Supra will go from 0 to 60 mph in just 4.2 seconds. Although we could not confirm this in this context, we are confident that it is possible. There is no sort of launch control program other than the analog pilot inputs in the Supra MT.

Beyond the tactile sensations of the cog swap in the Supra, the most important factor is its immediate comfort. As the laps piled up I found myself thinking less and less about the details of how the synchs worked or how the iMT rev-matching system engaged and more about the correct line and pushing the limits of traction. With all safety and convenience systems disabled, the new Supra MT is raw, powerful and downright fun.

On the street, the gearbox is smooth, easy to use and ergonomic too. There is also more than enough space between it and the control panel. The cupholders, positioned far behind the gear lever, are even slightly offset towards the passenger to make room for your elbow. It is a very complete design that combines sporty performance and commitment to everyday driving.

We’ve actually driven an automatic Supra back-to-back with the manual and they feel like considerably different cars in practice. The automatic is still as athletic and in some situations it’s quicker, but the manual was a lot more fun. The automatic feels like a cruiser while the manual seems to encourage more rowdy behavior.

Refinement compared to its peers

There’s no doubt that when it finally hits dealerships, the Nissan Z will steal sales from the Supra. It has more power (400 hp / 298 kW) than the Supra and starts at just over $40,000. However, no matter how much one spends on the Z, it remains to be seen if they can achieve the same refinement as in the Supra.

In fact, it’s this refinement that largely sets the Supra apart from other sports cars and GTs available around the $50,000 price tag. Cars like the Dodge Challenger, Ford Mustang and Chevrolet Camaro all offer similar power and performance increases to the Supra at this price point, but none feel quite as lofty. The addition of a manual transmission to the Supra is just one more reason for enthusiasts looking for the luxury sports coupe experience to turn to Toyota.

Drop the clutch

The new Supra manual is a great example of solving one problem and not messing up something else in the process. The Supra’s automatic transmission worked well and the car was already a pleasure to drive. Now it’s still fun to drive, but it’s much more engaging and satisfying.

Toyota has dropped the clutch on the rest of its peers and got away with offering something not widely available elsewhere. The new Supra MT is a balanced, highly refined and highly engaging sports car that fits in just as well on a race track as it does on the street.

more pics…

]]> Sustainable future transport: will we see it soon? Sun, 04 Sep 2022 13:30:40 +0000

If you weren’t sure the 1980s were all the rage before, there’s no doubt now that American Airlines has signed a deal to purchase 20 Boom Supersonic jets. Scheduled to roll out by 2025, it’s a throwback to the super-fast, ultra-luxury travel that Concorde promised and delivered from its founding in 1976 until insolvency in 2003.

Aspiring to be in passenger use by 2029, this purchase gives us a glimpse of just one of many future modes of transportation that could evolve over the next two decades. The name of the game for current and future transport will be speed and efficiency, together with consideration of sustainable transport (most of the time). Let’s dive in to find out some of the cutting-edge, convenient transportation that could soon be hitting a road or track near you.

Autonomous cars

Uh no ? Well, the first self-driving car concept dates back nearly 100 years as part of GM’s Futurama exhibit at the 1939 World’s Fair. And the self-driving (flying?!) car has been growing ever since.

Now that pseudo-autonomous cars are here, the Society of Automotive Engineering (SAE) has defined five levels of driving autonomy. These range from cars without driving automation at level 0 to “full self-driving service available in all conditions” at level 5. Most modern semi-autonomous cars are level 1 vehicles that can help acceleration, braking and steering.

A prototype Toyota self-driving car from the 2013 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
David Berkowitz

Some rides, like the Tesla Model S, have made the jump to Level 2. Tesla’s Autopilot, for example, includes all the features of Level 1 cars and comes with an optional “Full Self-Driving” package for offer lane change assist, highway navigation and self-parking. You also have the option of hailing your Model S from the parking lot at the main entrance.

While Level 2 still requires the driver to maintain control of the vehicle, Levels 3, 4 and 5 will allow fully autonomous control of the car, although Levels Three and Four make exceptions. These first three tiers will take a while to appear commercially, but you can bet your cheapest auto companies are working hard to be the first to put these self-driving vehicles on the road.

Maglev Trains

Improving automotive gas mileage and user function is essential for future transportation, but if we’re really going to sustain ourselves as a species, it’s the trains that will have to connect us. It’s not obvious in the United States, but North America is far behind its Asian and European brethren when it comes to futuristic travel. Part #1? Maglev trains.

SC Maglev Test Ride as part of a partnership between Baltimore and Japan.  Maryland.
Maryland Government Photos

The magnetic levitation (mag-lev, get it?) of powerful electromagnets pushes these trains forward along electrified guideways. A lack of friction allows these trains to travel at high speed with much less noise and a smoother ride than traditional gauge trains. It is an understatement to say that these trains are “high speed” when they are able to reach speeds at least half as fast as jet planes. A maglev bullet train that debuted in Qindao, China, for example, can reach speeds of 373 miles per hour. Developed by the state-owned China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation, this maglev is considered the fastest train in the world.

Britannica lists six commercial maglev systems currently in use – one in Japan, two in South Korea and three in China. Because these super lines are not powered by burning fossil fuels, they have a much lower impact on the environment. America’s first maglev train is still in development, in partnership with a Japanese company, with plans to link Washington DC with Baltimore and, eventually, New York.

delivery drones

It may seem that drones have appeared on the scene in the last 10 years, but the first automated flying machine actually appeared in 1935. The history of unmanned aerial vehicles dates back to the provision of bogies as training targets aircraft for Royal Air Force fighter pilots. It started with towing gliders behind manned aircraft. When this failed to provide a realistic simulation for engaging enemy fighters in real combat, the RAF developed the Queen Bee aircraft – a radio controlled drone.

A drone delivering a package.

The following year, US Admiral William Harrison Standley gave Lieutenant Commander Delmar Fahrney the responsibility of developing a similar program after witnessing a test flight in the UK in 1936. Fahrney first used the term “drone” as a sly nod to the queen bee.

Eight decades later, the first UPS drone delivered prescription drugs to American homes in 2019. However, drones still have a long regulatory way to go before flying machines are deployed for large-scale commercial use. Currently, delivery is limited to rural areas and hospital campuses because drones pose a risk to life and property. Each US state works with the FAA to develop drone testing, restrictions, and regulations.


Now we’re going to start having a little fun with future visions. Imagine attaching yourself not to a train, but to a glass tube which, closing its doors, propels you through the Earth at almost the speed of sound. Welcome to the hyperloop.

Elon Musk is credited with conceiving the modern idea of ​​the hyperloop, first addressing the idea of ​​a high-speed system in 2012, and in 2013 published a white paper with plans for a super tube from Los Angeles to San Francisco. It was an update of a two-hundred-year-old idea, first suggested in 1799 when English inventor George Medhurst patented a system of iron pipes that used compressed air to propel goods through pneumatic tubes.

Rendering Hyperloop of Elon Musk.
Sam Churchill

Musk’s hyperloop offered pressurized pods that could carry up to 28 people and pull them through a system of glass tubes powered, in part, by vacuum, and generating speeds of up to 600 miles per hour on skis hovering on a cushion of air. Although open source design has so far only achieved what amounts to a Las Vegas themed ride, there are a host of companies and countries building hyperloop prototypes.

With an expected arrival date around 2030, India and Middle Eastern countries are deeply advancing technology that could transport cargo cheaper and more efficiently from place to place via the hyperloop.

The Virgin Hyperloop, being developed in Nevada, aspires to a number of routes across the United States carrying passengers with 10 times less energy than jets and traveling at “500 miles per hour for less energy (per passenger) than an electric car doing 60 miles per hour.”

Flying taxis

Yes, flying taxis. Imagine zooming above traffic and spinning above endless traffic jams via electric propellers. More than 20 companies and dozens of the world’s best engineers are working to make flying taxis a reality.Wisk Aero's fully electric, self-driving air taxi in flight.

Earlier in August, the Wall Street Journal reported that United Airlines Holdings Inc. had placed a $10 million deposit for 100 electric flying taxis with Archer Aviation Inc. It’s one of many signs that the fledgling technology is very popular, especially among already established airlines.

As of 2021, at least 14 flying taxis and cars were in development. The biggest hurdle, of course, is regulation. It is going to be quite difficult to balance FAA requirements with local zoning ordinances for these electric craft to be used for commercial purposes. The goal is for air taxis to provide safe, inexpensive and greener rides than sitting in traffic. With volocopters and autonomous aircraft on the horizon, it may not be long before we can fly home from the airport.

Beyond price and safety pressures, the biggest challenge will be ambition and the spirit of collaboration to achieve these transport visions. In the 20th century, the United States helped introduce private automobile use, commercial theft, industrial agriculture, and much more to the world. Along the way, inventors have turned into oligarchs, creating barriers to competition or outright destroying competitors like automakers did with mass transit systems in Detroit, LA, and more.

Many of these ideas have been around for decades, even centuries. Now that we are on the verge of creating a system of sustainable and efficient means to move people and things around and off the planet, it remains to be seen if humanity is capable of harnessing these powers in a sustainable and equitable way. .

Editors’ Recommendations

]]> priest | Advanced manual therapy approach for the management of non-specific low back pain Sat, 03 Sep 2022 13:36:28 +0000

The lower back region includes the lumbar and sacral regions of the spine. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common conditions, with approximately 50% of the population suffering from pain in the back region at least once a year. [1]. Low back pain affects the activities necessary for daily living and makes them much more difficult to perform. The pain can be at the lumbar, lumbosacral or sacroiliac level, depending on the region concerned. [2]. Depending on the cause, low back pain can be classified as specific or non-specific [3]. Low back pain can be classified as acute (0-14 days), subacute (two-12 weeks) or chronic (> three months) depending on the duration [3-5]. Low back pain should be managed at an earlier stage as it will lead to more biomechanical alterations in the future. Various non-pharmacological modalities should be used, and the best method to manage low back pain should be used. The Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT) is one of the techniques that can be used to manage low back pain. The INIT method involves three separate manual maneuvers [6]. The three techniques are trigger point release, counter effort technique and muscle energy technique (MET). In a trigger point release, compression is applied to the trigger point region and held for 15 seconds, while in the strain-on-strain technique, the superficial fascia is stretched. MET works on the principle of reciprocal inhibition. As it uses three distinct manual techniques, it can have a significant effect in reducing lower back pain. In this case report, INIT was used as a treatment approach to reduce low back pain.

A 22-year-old woman, a medical student by profession, presented to the physiotherapy department with a complaint of low back pain. The patient had had low back pain for 4 months, which was less in the morning and increased with prolonged standing or any activity. The patient had a history of heavy lifting and her occupation involved prolonged sitting. The onset of pain was abrupt, with gradual progression. Due to low back pain, the patient was unable to sit for a long time and had difficulty performing daily activities. The patient went to an orthopedic surgeon for the same reason. An MRI was recommended and a spasm in the paraspinal region with tightness of the thoracolumbar fascia was identified. Painkillers were administered, but the pain did not improve. She was therefore referred to the physiotherapy department.

Clinical discoveries

The patient was examined in prone position. Grade 3 tenderness was present laterally in the lumbar spine in the paraspinal region. A spasm was present in the paraspinal muscles and trigger points were present in the quadratus lumborum. She had a dull ache in the area. On the numerical pain rating scale, the pain was 5/10 at rest and 8/10 with activity. On the modified Oswestry Disability Index, the patient had a 70% disability due to low back pain. The modified Schober test showed 4.6 cm of lumbar flexion. The MRI, which was performed on February 9, 2021, showed normal spinal height and disc height. Bone alignment was normal. The sag test was negative.


Physiotherapy rehabilitation took place over six weeks with five sessions per week. Figure 1 shows a flowchart with the rehabilitation protocol for the patient.

Phase 1 (Week 1 to Week 2) focused on patient education, ergonomic counseling, pain reduction, and maintaining back muscle strength. The patient was educated about the condition, and the do’s and don’ts were explained. Proper lifting technique was taught to the patient. For pain management, interferential therapy (IFT) was given for 10 minutes on four poles in a scanning pattern. Isometric exercises for the back and abdomen were taught and the patient was asked to repeat them 10 times with a hold of 10 seconds twice a day. Trigger points were identified and trigger point release was performed by ischemic compression (Figure 2). The strain-to-strain method was used after the trigger point was released.


Phase 2 (week two to four weeks) focused on the gains made in phase 1 as well as strengthening the back muscles. The same rehabilitation protocol was continued as in phase 1. In phase 2, the integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique (INIT) was used, and the muscle energy technique (MET) was used for the quadratus lumborum. The reciprocal inhibition technique (RIT), a type of MET, was used for three repetitions. Myofascial release in the form of trigger point release was pursued with the strain versus strain technique.

Phase 3 (week four through week six) focused on maintaining and strengthening the functions and strengths established in phase 2. In phase 3, back muscle strengthening exercises were prescribed as well as core strengthening exercises. As part of the strengthening exercises, the patient was prescribed the pelvic bridge exercise and asked to do 10 repetitions with a hold of 10 seconds. This was followed by the unilateral pelvic bridge exercise performed for 10 reps on each side with a 10 second hold. The patient was taught curl-ups and asked to perform 10 repetitions of the exercise.

A summary of the treatment plan by phase along with treatment goals and interventions is presented in Table 1.

Phase Objective Therapeutic intervention
Phase 1 (week 1 to week 2) Patient education, ergonomic advice and pain reduction Proper lifting method taught with do’s and don’ts, interferential therapy for 10 minutes on four poles in a sweep pattern, trigger point release using ischemic compression.
Phase 2 (week two to four weeks) Strengthening the back muscles The muscle energy technique was used for three repetitions, the counterexertion technique and ischemic compression for trigger point release, and isometric exercises were taught to strengthen the back and abdomen.
Phase 3 (week four to week six) Maintain acquired strength and increase strength Pelvic bridges, unilateral pelvic bridges, and curl-ups have been taught to strengthen the back and core.

After six weeks, a home exercise program including core strengthening exercises was offered. In physiotherapy management, the primary goal was to reduce pain, decrease functional disability, and improve range of motion in the lower back.

Results monitoring and measurement

After the end of the physiotherapy treatment, a two-month follow-up was carried out. A home protocol was designed for the patient and modifications were made to the home protocol based on the assessment made at the time of follow-up. Modified Oswestry Disability Index taken before physiotherapy treatment showed 70% disability, while after treatment 30% disability was observed. A modified Schober test showed 4.6 cm of lumbar flexion before physical therapy sessions. After physiotherapy, a lumbar flexion of 6.1 cm was observed.

This case report concerns a 22-year-old woman with nonspecific and chronic low back pain. The goal of rehabilitation was to reduce pain and make the patient painless [7]. The cause of the pain was muscular as there were triggers present in the quadratus lumborum which restricted the range of motion and thus resulted in the pain. In a systematic review, it was concluded that an increase in back flexibility will lead to an increase in range of motion [8]. Flexibility was increased using muscle energy techniques and counterexertion techniques, while trigger points were treated with ischemic compression.

For long term effects, core strengthening exercises should be administered to maintain strength. Chronic low back pain may recur after discontinuation of treatment, so trunk stability is important in this regard. Evidence suggests trunk strengthening has a significant effect on pain levels in patients with low back pain [9]. Strengthening back and lower extremity muscles, compared to strengthening core muscles, was less effective in treating pain [10]. Non-specific low back pain is a broad term and contains various aspects in which trunk strengthening plays a major role [11].

In a 2020 randomized controlled trial, Santosh C. Metgud et al investigated the effect of INIT on trigger points in patients with low back pain. The study included 44 patients with low back pain. Stretching and strengthening were prescribed for group A, while INIT was used for group B. Regarding conventional physiotherapy methods, both groups received therapeutic ultrasound and hot fomentation. This treatment was done consecutively for five days. Pain pressure, functional disability and range of motion were the outcomes assessed before and at the end of the fifth session. The authors came to the conclusion that INIT has a better effect on reducing myofascial trigger point sensitivity and therefore on low back pain. [12]. INIT is a combination of three techniques; therefore, it gives a combined effect of the three techniques and thus reduces lower back pain.

Physiotherapy has a significant effect on maintaining and increasing strength. The integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique can be used to reduce low back pain and functional disability. Physiotherapy should be started early to maintain strength and reduce pain. INIT is a combination of MET, counter-strain and ischemic compression. Ischemic compression helped treat myofascial trigger points, MET helped with muscle strength and tension, and the counterstrain technique helped with both myofascial and muscle tension. The combined effect of the three techniques made it possible to reduce lower back pain.

While pain and functional disability were reduced, an increase in lumbar range of motion was also noted after rehabilitation. Besides pain and muscle stiffness, many factors can affect range of motion. With INIT, pain and muscle stiffness were treated and range of motion improved significantly.

Solidaridad Ethiopia invites tenders for a waste management manual project Thu, 01 Sep 2022 07:51:06 +0000


Published: September 01, 2022

Solidaridad Networks, Ethiopian office, implemented a LISEC green jobs project aimed at strengthening social cohesion by supporting local economic and social development initiatives.

This project, implemented with partner organizations, will particularly benefit women and young people living in the Modjo region of Ethiopia. To achieve this objective, the project office in Ethiopia seeks to engage with world-renowned international research, academic and training institutions to outsource certain activities. Solidaridad looks forward to working with you in the areas listed in these Terms of Reference (ToR).

This is a mandate for the development of a comprehensive manual on the management of tannery solid waste and its possible conversion into valuable product(s), and the preparation of teaching, training and learning (TTLM) of it.


With 50 years of global experience in facilitating the development of socially responsible, environmentally sound and profitable supply chains, Solidaridad is a forerunner in the field of sustainable economic development. Solidaridad is a global civil society organization that provides market-driven solutions for sustainable production practices in different supply chains. We envision a world in which everything we produce and everything we consume can sustain us while respecting the planet, each other and future generations.

Our mission is to bring supply chain players together and engage them with innovative solutions to improve production, ensuring the transition to a sustainable and inclusive economy that maximizes benefits for all stakeholders. Solidaridad Ethiopia is currently implementing initiatives in cotton, textiles, leather and coffee in collaboration with the Ethiopian government and private sector partners and stakeholders.

Solidaridad established a country office in Ethiopia in November 2015 under registration number 3531. The office re-registered on July 11, 2019, under OSC proclamation 1113/2019. Currently, Solidaridad Ethiopia, along with two other members of the consortium, is undertaking an EU-funded project called LISEC-JOBS. The main objective of the project is to strengthen social cohesion by supporting local economic and social development initiatives, in particular for women and young people living in the Modjo region, and to improve industrial and labor relations.

The specific objectives of the project are: to improve skills and access to decent and green employment opportunities for young people/women and neighboring communities around the leather industries, to improve the capacities of tanneries and other leather actors in waste management and manufacturing practices and improve social cohesion in Modjo and neighboring communities.

In order to achieve the broader objective of the project initiatives, the Solidaridad Network office in Ethiopia is currently working to strengthen the overall technical knowledge and understanding of key project stakeholders and beneficiaries on theories, best practices and other elements and/or aspects of tannery solid waste management and its transformation into valuable products.

To this end, the project office in Ethiopia is seeking to engage world-renowned research and/or academic (training) institutes to develop a comprehensive training module on tannery solid waste management and utilization.

Needs and objectives of the current mission

The main objective of the mission within the framework of this reference document is to develop a complete training module which includes all the possible managements of solid waste from the tannery and its conversion into valuable product(s) as well as the equipment for teaching, training and learning (TTLM).

Scope of work and expected results/deliverables

Work’s extent

The specific tasks of the competing international research and/or academic (training) institution under these terms of reference will include:

  1. Undertake research and analyze all necessary training documents/modules, training material to fully understand the situation on the ground and existing training material and its content available for training tannery operators and leather manufacturing experts in the areas of solid waste management and utilization (including the curriculum and/or existing syllabus of the undergraduate program (BSc) in Leather Manufacturing Technology (LMT) and other course textbooks and materials relevant training used by the former LIDI (Leather Industry Development Institute) now called Leather and Leather Products Industry Research Development Center (LLPIRDC)
  2. Based on this assessment, develop a comprehensive tannery solid waste management and its conversion into valuable products and a training module as well as the Teaching, Training and Learning Materials (TTLM), with a focus particular on the management of solid waste from the tannery and its conversion into valuable products
  3. Provide the draft module to key experts including government support institutions and the project team for review
  4. Organize and lead a validation workshop for the manual developed and the TTLMs produced.

Final deliverables

  1. Situational analysis report produced following task 1 of the scope of work.
  2. Draft documents for waste management and eventual conversion into valuable products and TTLM.
  3. Complete training module with teaching, training and learning material (TTLM).

Deadlines and deadlines

The expected time frame for the assignment under this ToR document must be completed within two months of signing a formal contractual agreement.

Reporting requirements

The international research and/or academic (training) institution will submit the reports and related documents to the Solidaridad Ethiopia country office (located in Addis Ababa) to the project team every two weeks to share the progress of the activities under this contract, certifying that the work, tasks and assignment have been satisfactorily performed.

Experience and qualification requirements

  • Established expertise, i.e. leather research and/or tannery solid waste management and use, with presentation of relevant CVs of experts employed in this activity. A dedicated focal point (team leader) should also be designated
  • Assigned staff from the institution should have at least 10 years of professional experience in the relevant fields, with demonstrated knowledge and experience in conducting needs assessments and developing training modules/curricula, materials training, TTLM, etc. in the fields of leather manufacturing/processing technology. and techniques for the management and use of solid waste from the tannery
  • Work experience on similar assignments
  • Excellent writing, editing and oral communication skills in English.

The project aims to identify international research and/or training institutions based abroad that meet the above criteria and have demonstrated their ability to engage key project beneficiaries and local stakeholders in order to fully understand the context/ local situation and to bring a broader perspective to the accomplishment of the project. the missions envisaged within the framework of this ToR document.

Documents to attach when submitting proposals

When submitting the Technical Proposal, the candidate must in particular make sure to attach the following elements:

  1. Profile of the institution/company, explaining why they are most suitable for the job
  2. Relevant institution experience
  3. Detailed methodology and conceptual framework with expected deliverables and deadlines
  4. Recent CV of the experts
  5. Legal and valid registration of the institution from its country of origin.

Financial proposal

For this mission, the Ethiopian office of Solidaridad Network has a budget line and the institution must provide its financial proposal indicating the breakdown of costs.

The financial proposal must specify a total lump sum (including a cost breakdown for fees, travel, number of working days, etc.). Payments will be made in installments based on the main results of the services specified in the terms of reference.

Payment of project charges will be made as follows.

  • 30% of the project fee will be paid upon signing the contract and submitting a master plan (inception report) including a work plan and methodology for the assignment (in English)
  • 40% of the project fee will be paid upon submission of a draft of the complete training manual/module and drafts of TTLM (in English)
  • 30% of the project fee will be paid upon submission of the final and agreed documents (manual/full training module and TTLM) after incorporating feedback from the validation workshop (in English).


Institutions/companies must provide a separate technical and financial proposal which will be evaluated as follows:

  • Technical proposal: 70 points
  • Financial proposal: 30 points.

Bid/proposal submission

Interested eligible bidders can submit their proposal by email (technical proposal, financial and supporting legal documents). The offer, as well as all correspondence and documents relating to the offer, must be drawn up in English. All financial information must be provided in euros (€).

The Bidder should submit both technical and financial proposals, along with other supporting legal documents, to with the title .

Institutions, organizations and research centers can only apply within 10 days of the publication of these terms of reference on the International Leather Maker website (September 1, 2022).

NB: Only the selected firm will be contacted. If you don’t hear from us within two weeks of the deadline, consider you unsuccessful. Any form of canvassing will result in disqualification.

This article is an infomercial provided by Solidaridad Networks Ethiopia.